Übersetzung im Kontext von „feline“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees. His feline voice was so sweet and high, so innocent. Times, Sunday Times (). Really good for a precise, solid feline flick. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für feline im Online-Wörterbuch poloniahits.com (Deutschwörterbuch).
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "feline"Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für feline im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. His feline voice was so sweet and high, so innocent. Times, Sunday Times (). Really good for a precise, solid feline flick. Übersetzung für 'feline' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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Die Auswahl an Spielen die zur VerfГgung Feline Deutsch Гberzeugt schon beim ersten Blick. - "féline" auf DeutschWörterbücher durchsuchen. However, infection rates remain high in some unvaccinated cat populations, and the disease occasionally is seen in vaccinated, pedigreed kittens that have been exposed to a high virus Beste Broker App. Free word lists and quizzes from Cambridge. Feline panleukopenia is now diagnosed infrequently by veterinarians in many countries, presumably as a consequence of widespread vaccine use. Clinical signs usually develop in 4—6 days after exposure, but can show in 2—14 days. Your feedback will be reviewed. December 07, In one study, cats with Skat Spielen Gegen Den Computer, lethargy, and low Neteller Kündigen weight Feline Deutsch the time of admission fared worse. Retrieved 26 May Combination vaccines that protect against several common viruses, including FPLV, are also available. Veterinary Information Network, Feline Deutsch. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. The two Pferden Spiele are also quite different genetically, and their protein coats differ in size and composition. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease affecting a broad range of species. Although they are both in the same retroviral subfamily orthoretrovirinaethey are classified in different genera FeLV is a gamma-retrovirus and FIV is a lentivirus like HIV Once they have received vaccinations against FIV, they will, in the future, always test positive, as the various blood tests detect and show the antibodies that have developed in response to the vaccination.
Translations of feline in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator? Translator tool. Browse felicitate. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes.
Image credits. Word of the Day bouldering. Read More. New Words super pea. December 07, Being highly resistant to inactivation, parvoviruses can be transported long distances via fomites eg, shoes, clothing.
Peroxygen disinfectants eg, potassium peroxymonosulfate are also highly effective. It is important that contaminated surfaces are thoroughly cleaned of organic material before disinfectants are applied.
Cats are infected oronasally by exposure to infected animals, their feces, secretions, or contaminated fomites. Most free-roaming cats are thought to be exposed to the virus during their first year of life.
Those that develop subclinical infection or survive acute illness mount a robust, long-lasting, protective immune response. FPV infects and destroys actively dividing cells in bone marrow, lymphoid tissues, intestinal epithelium, and—in very young animals—cerebellum and retina.
In pregnant queens, the virus may spread transplacentally to cause embryonic resorption, fetal mummification, abortion, or stillbirth.
Alternatively, infection of kittens in the perinatal period may destroy the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum, leading to cerebellar hypoplasia, incoordination, and tremor.
FPV-induced cerebellar ataxia has become a relatively rare diagnosis, because most queens passively transfer sufficient antibodies to their kittens to protect them during the early period of susceptibility.
Most feline panleukopenia infections are subclinical, as evidenced by the high seroprevalence of anti-FPV antibodies among unvaccinated, healthy cats.
Peracute cases may die suddenly with little or no warning fading kittens. Vomiting usually develops 1—2 days after the onset of fever; it is typically bilious and unrelated to eating.
Hypersalivation may be seen in some cases, associated with nausea or abdominal pain. Diarrhea may begin a little later than the vomiting but is not always present.
Extreme dehydration develops rapidly. Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much. Terminal cases are hypothermic and may develop septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation.
Physical examination typically reveals profound depression, dehydration, and sometimes abdominal pain. Abdominal palpation—which can induce immediate vomiting—may reveal thickened intestinal loops and enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes.
In cases of cerebellar hypoplasia, ataxia and tremors with normal mentation are seen. Retinal lesions, if present, appear as discrete gray foci.
There are typically few gross lesions due to feline panleukopenia, although dehydration is usually marked. Bowel loops may be segmentally dilated and may have thickened, hyperemic walls.
There may be petechiae or ecchymoses on the intestinal serosal surfaces. Perinatally infected kittens may have a noticeably small cerebellum.
Histologically, the intestinal crypts are usually dilated and contain debris consisting of sloughed, necrotic, epithelial cells. Blunting and fusion of villi may be present.
Eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies are seen only occasionally in formalin-fixed specimens; use of Bouin's or Zenker's fixative will increase the likelihood of seeing these.
There may be a notable lack of lymphocytic or inflammatory cell infiltration in the bowel walls because of destruction of these leukocytes by the virus.
Neutropenia develops earlier than lymphopenia. The bovine protein is homologous with other mammalian species and is a homogeneous 50 kDa glycoprotein with an isoelectric point of 6.
The protein is prepared in a lyophilized 1 microgram dose. Reconstitution in sterile diluent produces a solution for subcutaneous injection.
As with HIV, the development of an effective vaccine against FIV is difficult because of the high number and variations of the virus strains. For these reasons the vaccine is considered "non-core", and the decision to vaccinate should be made after discussion with a veterinarian and consideration of the risks vs.
FIV displays a similar structure to the primate and ungulate lentiviruses. The virion has a diameter from 80 to nanometers and is pleomorphic.
The FIV virus genome is diploid. It consists of two identical single-strands of RNA in each case about nucleotides existing in plus-strand orientation.
It has the typical genomic structure of retroviruses, including the gag , pol , and env genes. The Pol polyprotein is translated by ribosomal frame-shifting, a feature shared with HIV.
An additional short ORF termed orfA also known as orf2 precedes the env gene. The function of OrfA in viral replication is unclear, however the orfA -encoded product may display many of the attributes of HIV-1 accessory gene products such as Vpr, Vpu or Nef.
The capsid protein derived from the polyprotein Gag is assembled into a viral core the protein shell of a virus and the matrix protein also derived from Gag forms a shell immediately inside of the lipid bilayer.
Both SU and TM glycoproteins are heavily glycosylated, a characteristic that scientists believe may mask the B-cell epitopes of the Env glycoprotein giving the virus resistance to the virus neutralizing antibodies.
Furthermore, the vectors can be used on dividing and non-dividing cells. FIV and feline leukemia virus FeLV are sometimes mistaken for one another though the viruses differ in many ways.
Although they are both in the same retroviral subfamily orthoretrovirinae , they are classified in different genera FeLV is a gamma-retrovirus and FIV is a lentivirus like HIV The two viruses are also quite different genetically, and their protein coats differ in size and composition.
Although many of the diseases caused by FeLV and FIV are similar, the specific ways in which they are caused also differs. Also, while the feline leukemia virus may cause symptomatic illness in an infected cat, an FIV infected cat can remain completely asymptomatic its entire lifetime.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Differential diagnoses include salmonellosis , enteric toxins, feline immunodeficiency virus FIV , feline leukemia virus FeLV , cryptosporidiosis , pancreatitis , septicaemia with acute endotoxemia , toxoplasmosis , peritonitis , and lymphoma.
To contain the virus, cats with suspected or diagnosed FPLV should be kept in isolation. It requires immediate, aggressive treatment if the cat is to survive, as it can be fatal in less than 24 hours.
Several articles and publications provide guidance for rescuers and veterinarians for optimizing outcomes. Treatment involves: .
Feeding should be continued as long as possible. In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies injected subcutaneously or intraperitoneal.
This may provide protection for 2—4 weeks. Several studies have shown feline recombinant interferon-omega is effective in the treatment of parvoviral enteritis in dogs   and also inhibits replication of FPV in cell culture.
So far no data are available on its efficacy in FPV-infected cats. Cats typically die due to complications associated with sepsis, dehydration, and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy DIC.
In , a retrospective study of infected cats showed that "leukocyte and thrombocyte counts as well as serum albumin and potassium concentrations at presentation are prognostic indicators in cats with panleukopenia, whereas vaccination status, age, clinical signs, and housing conditions are not.
Lifelong immunity is thought to follow recovery from disease, and a carrier state of the disease has never been identified. Cats with suspected or diagnosed FPLV should be kept in isolation.
This non-enveloped virus is very resistant to environmental conditions and many disinfectants, is highly contagious, and rapidly accumulates in the environment due to high shedding of virus from affected animals.
Recovered cats can still shed the virus for up to 6 weeks  and can carry it on their body for prolonged periods. The practice of recommending and giving vaccines on a fixed schedule with annual boosters has been widely discarded.
Current recommendations are based on the philosophy of vaccinating each cat no more frequently than necessary.
These recommendations take into account considerations for the efficacy and longevity of each specific vaccine; the exposure, risk, and need of different cat populations; and socioeconomic limitations.
The FPLV vaccination is considered a "core" essential for health vaccine and is recommended for all domestic cats.
Several types and brands of commercial FPLV vaccines are available to induce acquired immunity. These include:. Combination vaccines that protect against several common viruses, including FPLV, are also available.
Kittens without maternally derived antibodies are especially vulnerable. FPLV vaccination can start as early as 4 weeks of age for kittens at high risk but are usually started at 6 weeks, then given every 3 — 4 weeks until 16 weeks of age.
For cats older than 16 weeks, 2 doses, 3 to 4 weeks apart is generally recommended, followed by a 6-month to 1-year booster.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.Beispiele für die Übersetzung Los Erfahrungen ansehen 38 Beispiele Kostenlos.De Übereinstimmungen. Fünffach Englisch matter what breed of cat you have, if you follow the five steps below, you'll have a fitter feline. Beispiele, die Katzen-Interferon enthalten, ansehen 7 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. With new technology, these tips and your loving care, your feline 's chances of enjoying a long Sunmaker Sh healthy life are better than ever.