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Shanghai Spielen Mahjong Shanghai Anleitung VideoShanghai: Leben in der Mega-Stadt - Weltspiegel Reportage
In hands that follow, the deal passes to the left. Shanghai begins with the player to the left of the dealer and passes clockwise.
On each turn, players play cards from their hand to the table. Players must meld their cards in the following ways:.
Players can use some or all cards in hand to meld or add cards to pre-existing melds already on the table. This particular feature is what makes Shanghai a manipulation rummy game.
If you have the ability to meld more than 1 card you are required to. After melding, the turn passes to the next player. Inzwischen wird das kultige Game im Internet als kostenloses Browser Game angeboten - so kann man auch ganz ohne Download Mahjong Shanghai kostenlos online spielen.
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Redaktion Bewertung. Spieler Bewertung. The conference and meeting sector is also growing. Because the zone is not technically considered Chinese territory for tax purposes, commodities entering the zone are exempt from duty and customs clearance.
As of [update] , Shanghai had a total population of 24,,, including 14,, According to the Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau, about , residents in Shanghai are foreigners, including 28, Japanese, 21, Americans and, 20, Koreans.
Shanghai has a life expectancy of This has also caused the city to experience population aging —in , Due to its cosmopolitan history, Shanghai has a blend of religious heritage; religious buildings and institutions are scattered around the city.
According to a survey, only The remaining Buddhism, in its Chinese varieties , has had a presence in Shanghai since the Three Kingdoms period, during which the Longhua Temple —the largest temple in Shanghai—and the Jing'an Temple were founded.
Catholicism was brought into Shanghai in by Italian missionary Lazzaro Cattaneo. Ignatius Cathedral in Xujiahui—the largest Catholic church in the city,  the St.
They lived in a designated area called the Shanghai Ghetto and formed a community centered on the Ohel Moishe Synagogue, which is now the Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum.
Islam came into Shanghai during the Yuan dynasty. Shanghai's Muslim population increased in the 19th and early 20th centuries when the city was a treaty port , during which time many mosques—including the Xiaotaoyuan Mosque , the Huxi Mosque , and the Pudong Mosque —were built.
The vernacular language spoken in the city is Shanghainese, a dialect of the Taihu Wu subgroup of the Wu Chinese family.
This is different from the official Chinese dialect, Mandarin , which is mutually unintelligible with Wu Chinese. At the time, most of the city's residents were immigrants from the two adjacent provinces, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, so Shanghainese was mostly a hybrid between Southern Jiangsu and Ningbo dialects.
After , Putonghua has also had a great impact on Shanghainese as a result of being rigorously promoted by the government. They often cannot speak the local language and therefore use Putonghua as a lingua franca.
Because Putonghua and English were more favored, Shanghainese began to decline, and fluency among young speakers weakened. In recent years, there have been movements within the city to promote the local language and protect it from fading out.
Shanghai is an international center of research and development and is ranked 5th globally and 2nd in the whole Asia and the Pacific after Beijing by scientific research, as tracked by the Nature Index.
By the end of , Shanghai had 64 universities and colleges, secondary schools, primary schools, and 31 special schools. Louis in which has since consistently been ranked as one of the best in the world.
In Shanghai, the nine years of compulsory education —including five years of primary education and four years of junior secondary education—are free, with a gross enrollment ratio of over Shanghai has an extensive public transportation system comprising metros, buses, ferries, and taxis, all of which can be accessed using a Shanghai Public Transport Card.
Shanghai's rapid transit system, the Shanghai Metro , incorporates both subway and light metro lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts.
As of [update] , there are 17 metro lines excluding the Shanghai maglev train and Jinshan Railway , stations , and With the first tram line been in service in , trams were once popular in Shanghai in the early 20th century.
Since the s, many tram lines were either dismantled or replaced by trolleybus or motorbus lines;  the last tram line was demolished in As of [update] , a total of 40, taxis were in operation in Shanghai.
Shanghai is a major hub of China's expressway network. Bicycle lanes are common in Shanghai, separating non-motorized traffic from car traffic on most surface streets.
However, on some main roads, including all expressways, bicycles and motorcycles are banned. In recent years, cycling has seen a resurgence in popularity due to the emergence of a large number of dockless app-based bicycle-sharing systems , such as Mobike , Bluegogo , and ofo.
Private car ownership in Shanghai is rapidly increasing: in , there were 3. The purpose of this policy is to limit the growth of automobile traffic and alleviate congestion.
Shanghai has four major railway stations: Shanghai railway station , Shanghai South railway station , Shanghai West railway station , and Shanghai Hongqiao railway station.
Built in , the Woosung railway was the first railway in Shanghai and the first railway in operation in China  By , Shanghai—Nanjing railway and Shanghai—Hangzhou railway were in service.
Shanghai is one of the largest air transportation hubs in Asia. In , Pudong International Airport served Since its opening, the Port of Shanghai has rapidly grown to become the largest port in China.
Although the port is run by the Shanghai International Port Group under the government of Shanghai, it administratively belongs to Shengsi County, Zhejiang.
Overtaking the Port of Singapore in ,  the Port of Shanghai has become world's busiest container port with an annual TEU transportation of 42 million in The culture of Shanghai was formed by a combination of the nearby Wuyue culture and the "East Meets West" Haipai culture.
Wuyue culture's influence is manifested in Shanghainese language—which comprises dialectal elements from nearby Jiaxing, Suzhou, and Ningbo—and Shanghai cuisine , which was influenced by Jiangsu cuisine and Zhejiang cuisine.
Cultural curation in Shanghai has seen significant growth since , with several new museums having been opened in the city.
It emphasizes the use of condiments while retaining the original flavors of the raw ingredients. Sugar is an important ingredient in Benbang cuisine, especially when used in combination with soy sauce.
Signature dishes of Benbang cuisine include Xiaolongbao , Red braised pork belly , and Shanghai hairy crab. It absorbed elements from French, British, Russian, German, and Italian cuisines and adapted them to suit the local taste according to the features of local ingredients.
Secular objects like flowers and birds were often selected as themes. Various art forms—including photography , wood carving , sculpture , comics Manhua , and Lianhuanhua —thrived.
Sanmao was created to dramatize the chaos created by the Second Sino-Japanese War. In addition, the Chinese Painting Academy features traditional Chinese painting ,  while the Power Station of Art displays contemporary art.
First held in , the Shanghai Biennale has become an important place for Chinese and foreign arts to interact. Traditional Chinese opera Xiqu became a popular source of public entertainment in the late 19th century.
In the early 20th century, monologue and burlesque in Shanghainese appeared, absorbing elements from traditional dramas. The Great World opened in and was a significant stage at the time.
Around the same time, a Shanghai-style Beijing Opera was formed. Drama appeared in missionary schools in Shanghai in the late 19th century.
At the time, it was mainly performed in English. Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese cinema. The exile of Shanghainese filmmakers and actors as a result of the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Communist revolution contributed enormously to the development of the Hong Kong film industry.
Since , Shanghai has held its own fashion week called Shanghai Fashion Week twice every year in April and October.
The main venue is in Fuxing Park , and the opening and closing ceremonies are held in the Shanghai Fashion Center. The international presence has included many promising young British fashion designers.
The Shanghai Cricket Club dates back to when the first recorded cricket match was played between a team of British Naval officers and a Shanghai Following a year dormancy after the founding of the PRC in , the club was re-established in by expatriates living in the city and has since grown to over members.
The Shanghai cricket team played various international matches between and With cricket in the rest of China almost non-existent, for that period they were the de facto China national cricket team.
Shanghai is home to many prominent Chinese professional athletes, such as basketball player Yao Ming,  meter hurdler Liu Xiang ,  table tennis player Wang Liqin ,  and badminton player Wang Yihan.
Shanghai is the host of several international sports events. The race is staged annually at the Shanghai International Circuit. In , Shanghai became the host city of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters , which raced in a street circuit in Pudong.
Shanghai has an extensive public park system; by , the city had parks, of which had free admission, and the per capita park area was 8.
The People's Square park, located in the heart of downtown Shanghai, is especially well known for its proximity to other major landmarks in the city.
Fuxing Park, located in the former French Concession, features formal French-style gardens and is surrounded by high-end bars and cafes.
Zhongshan Park in western central Shanghai is famous for its monument of Chopin , the tallest statue dedicated to the composer in the world.
John's University , Shanghai's first international college; today, the park features sakura and peony gardens and a year-old platanus ,  and it also serves as an interchange hub in the metro system.
The park has an artificial lake with a sky bridge running across the park. The Shanghai Disney Resort Project was approved by the government on 4 November  and opened in Air pollution in Shanghai is not as severe as in many other Chinese cities, but is still considered substantial by world standards.
Authorities pulled nearly one-third of government vehicles from the roads, while much construction work was halted. Most inbound flights were canceled, and more than 50 flights at Pudong International Airport were diverted.
On 23 January , Yang Xiong , the mayor of Shanghai , announced that three main measures would be taken to manage the air pollution in Shanghai, along with surrounding Anhui, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces.
Public awareness of the environment is growing, and the city is investing in a number of environmental protection projects. A year rehabilitation of Suzhou Creek, which runs through the city, was finished in , clearing the creek of barges and factories and removing 1.
On 1 July , Shanghai adopted a new garbage-classification system that sorts out waste into residual waste, kitchen waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste.
In regard to foreign publications in Shanghai, Hartmut Walravens of the IFLA Newspapers Section said that when the Japanese controlled Shanghai in the s "it was very difficult to publish good papers — one either had to concentrate on emigration problems, or cooperate like the Chronicle ".
The city's main broadcaster is Shanghai Media Group. As of September , Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office.
See Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Shanghai disambiguation.
Municipality in East China. Municipality in People's Republic of China. Main article: History of Shanghai.
See also: Timeline of Shanghai. Play media. Former Shanghai Library. Main article: Geography of Shanghai. The Shanghai Museum.
Shanghai Tower. Main article: Politics of Shanghai. Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Shanghai and List of township-level divisions of Shanghai.
See also: List of tourist attractions in Shanghai. Main article: Shanghai Free-Trade Zone. Main article: Demographics of Shanghai. See also: Religion in China.
Main article: Shanghainese. Main article: Education in Shanghai. See also: List of universities and colleges in Shanghai and List of universities in China.
Main article: Public transport in Shanghai. See also: Expressways of Shanghai. See also: Port of Shanghai. Main article: Culture of Shanghai.
Main article: Shanghainese cuisine. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in China. See also: List of diplomatic missions in China.
China portal Asia portal. Shanghai Qingpu Museum. Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 15 July Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 16 July Government of Shanghai.
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Shanghai Municipal People's Government. Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 19 July Demographia World Urban Areas. Louis: Demographia.
Archived PDF from the original on 3 May Retrieved 15 June Shanghai Municipal Statistics Bureau. Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original on 9 December Retrieved 8 December Global Data Lab China.
Retrieved 9 April Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 29 September Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 11 January Xinmin Evening News in Chinese.
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Columbia University Press. Daily Press. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 11 September Volume 1.
South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 6 May Retrieved 2 May Office of Shanghai Chronicles. Share on Facebook Tweet.
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